To put Blue Row's history into context, on this page we have reviewed what else was happening in the world those first residents would have lived in. Much of this information has been gleaned from Wikipedia. We offer no apology for the narrowness of this 'world' view. Many villagers would never have been so far as Oxford, 19 miles away. In the context of this time line, not long after the earlier demesne on the land had burnt to the ground, Blue Row Cottages were built by John Powell, stone mason.
The world in 1806
Detailed events of the year
What was the world like when Blue Row was built in 1806?
"Two hundred years ago, in the shadow of a mammoth
Naval victory, the United Kingdom was a nation in mourning for Admiral
Lord Horatio Nelson, killed by a French sniper's bullet at the Battle of
Trafalgar. " (BBC, January 2006)
The world was changing rapidly, but many of the key
historical events probably passed by
the inhabitants of this little corner of rural England. Remember, the time is
not long since the American and French Revolutions. The Union Jack has only
existed for 5 years, with the union with Ireland. But rural England and the
wider landscape were at this time perhaps relatively unchanged since medieval
times, even though many of Swerford’s present buildings date from around this
time. The landscape itself was to
change over the next century, as land was concentrated in fewer hands. There is
no evidence of rioting against enclosures in Swerford itself, as in Otmoor, only
a few miles away, but there is no doubt that Swerford’s people would have been
affected. There are many descriptions of how the countryside would have been
changing, for example: http://www.countrylovers.co.uk/places/histlan4.htm.
The biggest excitement for many would have been a visit to the market at
Chipping Norton, 5 miles’ walk away, or to Banbury, 8 miles to walk, or an
outing for the school children on the village green. The big event of the
calendar might have been seeing the Morris Men from Adderbury or Bampton.
But the villagers would undoubtedly have heard of the
great procession in January 1806 in honour of Admiral Lord Nelson. This event
would have eclipsed the death and funeral in modern times of Diana, Princess of
Wales, but the latter in terms of the outpouring of public grief is the nearest
perhaps that we can imagine. http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/ConNarrative.36/chapterId/306/The-state-funeral-of-Lord-Nelson-59-January-1806.html
Meanwhile, elsewhere, 1806 saw:
o the birth of Isambard Kingdom Brunel in Portsmouth
the return of the great North American
explorers Lewis and Clark from the
Pacific coast of North America
the first performance of Beethoven's
monumental violin concerto in D Major
Austen living in Clifton near Bristol, and forming her ideas for
some of her novels, including Northanger Abbey and Mansfield Park
the abolition of the slave
trade by England (in 1833 slavery itself was abolished).
Charles Dickens and Charles Darwin had yet to be born, as
had Abraham Lincoln. It would be 9 years before the battle of Waterloo was won,
13 years before Queen Victoria was born, 31 years till she ascended the throne,
and one hundred years until the great San Francisco earthquake. But the great
era of the Romantic poets was just beginning. Wordsworth’s Daffodils was
written in 1804, and published in 1807, with Coleridge’s Ancient Mariner
having been published around 10 years earlier, and Keats, Shelley and Byron
would soon be producing their best known poems.
The following detailed bullet
points have been retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1806.
Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815) - Fourth Coalition
Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812
events of 1806
8 - Cape
Colony becomes a British colony
January 9 – Funeral of
10 - Dutch in Cape Town surrender to the British
19 - The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope
6 - Royal Navy victory off Santo Domingo
23 - After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the
Ocean, explorers Meriwether Lewis and
William Clark and their "Corps of
Discovery" begin their journey home.
March 29 - Construction authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
April 8 - Marriage of Stephanie de Beauharnais to Prince Karl Ludwig Friedrich.
5 - Louis
Bonaparte is appointed as king of Holland by his brother emperor Napoleon.
July 4 - Battle of Maida between England and France in Calabria
July 15 - Pike expedition: Near St. Louis, Missouri, United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike leads an expedition from Fort Belle Fountaine to explore the west.
6 - Francis II, the last Holy
Roman Emperor, abdicates, thus ending the Holy Roman Empire.
- Prussia declares war on France, and is joined by Saxony and other minor German states.
14 - Battle of Jena-Auerstädt -
Napoleon defeats the Prussian army of
Hohenlohe at Jena
while Marshal Davout defeats the main Prussian
army under the Duke of Brunswick, who is
24 - French forces enter Berlin.
- Napoleon declares a Continental Blockade
against the British
November 15 - Pike expedition: During his second exploratory expedition, Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains (it was later named Pikes Peak in his honour).
24 - The last major Prussian field force, under Leberecht von Blücher, surrenders
to the French near Lübeck. The king of Prussia has by this time fled to Russia.
30 - Napoleon captures Warsaw.
26 - Battle of Pultusk. Russian forces under General Bennigsen narrowly
escape from a direct confrontation with Napoleon, who goes into winter quarters.
Noah Webster publishes his first American English dictionary.
27 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
6 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet
12 - Jane
Pierce, First Lady of the United States
21 - Benito Juárez, Mexican statesman and folk hero
April 9 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (d. 1859)
20 - John Stuart Mill, British philosopher (d. 1873)
June 28 - Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
5 - James
Dawson, Aboriginal Guardian (d. 1900)
3 - Oliver
Cowdery, American religious leader (d. 1850)
December 11 - Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich, German geologist (d. 1886)
23 - William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
2 - Rétif de la Bretonne, French writer (b. 1734)
19 - Elizabeth Carter, English writer (b. 1717)
20 - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American
military and political leader (b. 1725)
9 - William V of Orange (b. 1748)
22 - Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral
(stabbed) (b. 1763)
May 24 - John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
23 - Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist
10 - George Stubbs, English painter (b. 1724)
11 - James Smith, American
signer of the Declaration of Independence
10 - Michael
Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1737)
22 - Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (b. 1742)
23 - Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French
physicist (b. 1736)
9 - William Paterson, Signer of the United States Constitution, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)
9 - Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer and
surveyor (b. 1731)
10 - Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, German prince
22 - William Vernon, American merchant (b. 1719)
Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (b.